PREVENT PREGNANCY-PIL METHODS PLANNER (OCP)What pill?
• Oral contraceptives also known as the Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP) using synthetic hormones to prevent pregnancy.
There are 2 types of pill combination pills containing estrogen and a synthetic form of progesterone and oral contraceptives containing progesterone only. Refractive pill used to treat menstrual cycle and reduce acne.
How the pill works?
• Prevents ovulation each month.
• Cause of cervical mucus producing less and thicker so that sperm can not enter the uterus easily.
• Causing thinning of the uterine lining so that a fertilized egg more difficult patch in the wall of the uterus.How do you use the pill?
• 0ral c0ntraceptives can be obtained by prescription from your doctor. A pack of contraceptive pills typically contain 21 hormone pills. You are encouraged to take the pill at the same time every day for 21 days and rest for 7 days. You can start a new pack after 7 days.
What if you forget to take a pill?
• If you forget to take some pills, you may experience menstrual bleeds in times of uncertainty and chance of getting pregnant will increase.
• If you forget to take a tablet, you should take the pill as soon as possible and take the next pill at the usual time.
• If you forget to take two or more pills in a row, you should avoid sexual intercourse or use other methods of contraception.You should take the advice of your doctor if you are confused about how the Pill.
How effective is the Pill?
• If the pill is taken every day at the same time, and each new pack starting at a fixed time, oral contraceptives are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. On average, the pill is 93-97% effective because women often forget to take the pill and do not start a new pack on time.
What side effects or health risks of the use of oral contraceptives?
• Oral contraceptives may cause nausea, headaches and tension in the breasts, patchy bleeding irregular, weight gain, moody and headaches.
• Blood clots are one of the potential risks. 2/10, 000 women will suffer blood clots than 1/10, 000 women for those who do not use oral contraceptives.
• You should not use the pill if you have a history of stroke, heart attack, blood clots, liver disease, breast cancer, late age of more than 35 years and cigarette smoking.
• You should ask your doctor about oral contraceptives or other birth control methods if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or other health risks.
What are the benefits of the use of contraceptive pills?
• Menstrual period is much lighter and lighter.
• If used for a few years, the chances of getting cancer of the ovary and uterus decreased.
• Opportunity to get ovarian cysts, endometriosis, anemia and fibrocystic breast disease will decrease.
Is the use of oral contraceptives allow pregnancy if not used?
• Yes. Most women have a menstrual cycle and ovulation will occur within 4-6 weeks after they stop taking the pills. If you do not have a menstrual cycle for 2-3 months after stopping the pill, pregnancy tests should be carried out and will need to visit your doctor immediately.
What is the relationship between oral contraceptives and sexually transmitted diseases?
• Oral contraceptives NOT provide any protection against sexually transmitted diseases including HIV.What are the advantages & weaknesses of the Pill?
Benefits of oral contraceptives include:
• low failure rate if used daily as directed.
• It does not interfere with the current intimate relationship.
• Research for over 40 years has shown that long-term use of security.
• modest cost.
• Easy to use and carry.
Lack of oral contraceptives include:
• You need a prescription from your doctor.
• Potential side effects such as nausea and pain in the breast.
• There is a risk pembekuaan blood in the legs and lungs.
• Must be taken every day at the same time.
• No protection against sexually transmitted diseases.