Tips | Healthy Pregnancy - Pregnant Women



Preeclampsia is a condition that occurs only during pregnancy. Diagnosis is made by a combination of high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine, which occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy. Preeclampsia also known as toxemia and often occur as a result of severe high blood pressure during pregnancy (gestation hypertension). Preeclampsia affects approximately 2-6% of maternal first time.

Who is at risk for preeclampsia?

Here are the factors that increase the risk of preeclampsia:

• Mother first time, it often happens to the eldest son.
• Pregnant women who had preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy experience.
• Pregnant women who have a family who have had preeclampsia during pregnancy.
• Content twins.
• Pregnant women who are younger than 20 years and a late age of 40 age
• Pregnant women who have high blood pressure or kidney disease before pregnancy
• Pregnant women are overweight or have a BMI of 30 or more

What are the symptoms of preeclampsia?

Mild preeclampsia:

• High blood pressure, water retention in the body, and the presence of protein in the urine.

Severe preeclampsia:

• Headaches, blurred vision, inability to tolerate bright light, fatigue, nausea / vomiting, urinating infrequently, upper right abdominal pain, shortness of breath, and a tendency to bruise easily.
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience blurred vision, severe headaches, abdominal pain, and / or very rarely urinating.

How do you know if you have preeclampsia?

• At each prenatal check-up, health care, you will check your blood pressure, urine levels, and blood tests that can detect preeclampsia.
• Your doctor may also do other tests include: examination of kidney and blood clotting functions, through ultrasound to check your baby's development, and Doppler ultrasound to measure the efficiency of blood flow to the placenta.

How preeclampsia treated?

Treatment depends on the age of your content. If your content is close to the expected date of delivery (EDD), and your baby is mature enough, your doctor may deliver your baby as soon as possible.
If you have mild preeclampsia and your baby does not reach mature growth again, your doctor may recommend that you do the following things:
• Rest, sleep position is correct as lying on the left side allows optimal blood flow to the main channel of the cava vein.
• Regularly conduct prenatal check-up.
• Lack of salt
• Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day
• Changing your diet and eat more protein
• If you have severe preeclampsia, your doctor may try to treat your blood pressure medication until your content is mature enough to be born safely, always rest in bed, changing diet and taking additional supplements.

How preeclampsia can affect pregnant women?

• If preeclampisa not treated quickly and properly, it can lead to serious complications for the mother such as liver failure or kidney disease, cardiovascular risk of heart problems that can be life threatening.
• eclampsia is a serious preeclampsia is not treated right away, where his mother started to get seizures.
• HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) - A condition often occurring in late pregnancy that causes red blood cells rupture, blood clots, and affect liver function for pregnant mothers.

How does preeclampsia affect your baby?

• preeclampsia can prevent the placenta get enough blood. If the placenta does not get enough blood, your baby gets less oxygen and food. This can cause low birth weight babies.
• Most pregnant women can still conceive a healthy baby if preeclampsia is detected early and treated promptly.

How can you prevent preeclampsia:

There is no sure way to prevent preeclampsia. But, there are ways to control high blood pressure are:
• Reduce salt intake
• Drink 6-8 glasses of water a day.
• Do not eat a lot of fried foods and snacks.
• Get enough rest
• Regular exercise like yoga undergo pregnancy.
• Elevate your feet several times a day.
• Avoid drinks containing alcohol.
• Avoid drinks that contain caffeine.
• Your doctor may recommend that you take a prescribed medicine and an additional supplement.