Planning for pregnancy
What is the menstrual cycle
Before planning a pregnancy, you should understand the changes associated with the menstrual cycle due to changes in a number of important hormones in the body. The menstrual cycle will occur where the lining of the uterine wall to shrink and blood bertumpah if fertilization does not occur. Most of the cycle is 28 days. Some women have a short menstrual cycle of 21 days, while some women have a menstrual cycle length of 35 days. However, as long as the menstrual cycle within 21-35 days per month is considered normal and orderly. The first day of bleeding counted as the first day of the menstrual cycle begins where the bleeding is going on all about 7 days.
How do hormones affect the menstrual cycle happen?
On the first day of menstruation, low estrogen levels stimulate the body produces more hormones FSH. Yangmeningkat FSH will stimulate more than 20 follicles in the ovaries to grow, but only one follicle which will only continue to grow and mature.
Ovulation will occur at about the 14th day if the women have menstrual cycles 28-29 days. High levels of estrogen stimulates the production of LH hormone.
LH hormone stimulates the mature follicle rupture and release an egg that was released in the ovaries and eggs factory passed to the uterus through the duct breeding.
luteal phase of ovulation, the ovaries will secreting hormone progesterone causes the uterine wall to thicken in preparation for a fertilized egg attaches and grows in the womb.
If fertilization does not occur, the progesterone hormone levels fell sharply causing the womb lining will shrink and blood will spill which menstrual cycles begin to occur.
When your fertile time period?
A woman's menstrual cycle is measured from the first day of menstruation until the first day of the next period. On average, a woman's menstrual cycle normally is between 28-32 days, but some women may stand to cycle shorter or longer. Ovulation can be calculated from the day of your last menstrual period (LMP) or by calculating 12-16 days from the next expected period. Most of the female egg produced between 11-21 days counting from the first day of the LMP. This period can be considered as fertile period. S*xual relations during this time can increase the chances of pregnancy. However, the calculation of the expected date is only suitable for women have irregular menstrual cycles. For irregular menstrual cycle, ovulation can occur at any time and may occur on a different day each month.
What are effective ways to track your ovulation?
To plan for pregnancy, you can use:
- Changes in cervical mucus and body temperature charts using basic (basal body temperature, BBT).
- Ovulation predictor kits