WHAT RISK DIABETIC DURING PREGNANCY?
Diabetes during pregnancy are also known as Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) which increased and excessive sugar levels in the blood. This occurred among mothers who did not have diabetes before pregnancy. GDM can usually be detected between week 28 and week 34 of pregnancy the baby, and usually disappears after the baby is born. Thus, diabetes during pregnancy are temporary. Diabetes during pregnancy affects about 4% among pregnant women.
How can develop GDM during pregnancy?• The exact cause is still unknown. But medical experts found that GDM may occur because the placenta produces hormones insulin resistance and cause a lot of sugar resistant to insulin. Some hormones such as estrogen, cortisol and human placental LACTOGEN will impair insulin production. It first appeared in mid-pregnancy (week 20-24). When the placenta grows, more and more hormones are produced and the higher the insulin resistance that occurs.
• Most pregnant women have a placenta that can produce extra insulin to overcome insulin resistance. If the insulin produced is not sufficient to increase the level of sugar in the blood. GDM usually disappears after the baby is born.
How diabetes during pregnancy (GDM) can affect your baby?• baby weight more than 4 kg (macrosomia) and cause difficulties during childbirth.
• the baby's blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) and low mineral levels.
• Pain yellow (jaundice)
• Babies have difficulty breathing
• Possible stillborns.
• Possible deformed baby.
• Water excessive amniotic (polyhydramnions)
Who is at risk for GDM?• have a family who have GDM.
• have high blood pressure.
• more aged 35 or older.
• have had diabetes during the previous content.
• never give birth to babies over 4kg.
• are physically inactive.
• adopt excessively starchy foods and fatty foods bertepu.
How GDM can be diagnosed?• GDM can be detected through blood tests by drinking sugar water. This inspection is called OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test) and performed after fasting today.
• Test results Tolerense Oral Glucose (mmol / L)
1. Fasting <6 data-blogger-escaped-.0="" data-blogger-escaped-br=""> 2. 1 hour after taking glucose <8 data-blogger-escaped-.0="" data-blogger-escaped-br=""> 3. 2 hours after taking glucose <7 data-blogger-escaped-.0="" data-blogger-escaped-br="">
How GDM treated?
• special diet, you need to eat according to the food pyramid recommended by your doctor.
• Decrease starchy foods or foods that contain sugar.
• Always check blood sugar levels on a daily basis
• Medical and insulin injections
• Always exercise